Eastern Religions

Wednesday, December 13, 2006

NAME: Diane Grair

USERNAME: sportygirly67

WEBSITE ADDRESS: http://sportygirly67.blogspot.com/

1. WHAT WAS YOUR MIDTERM GRADE? B

1A. LIST ALL OF YOUR POSTINGS FOR THE ENTIRE CLASS (copy and paste them or provide direct links to each specific post)

Wednesday, September 06, 2006

I think it does because in the Middle East the Islamic religion is the
primary religion but there are certain areas that are not completely
Muslim.. for instance I'm Syrian and I'm not Muslim but we only
account for a small percentage of the population..

Sun Sep 10, 2006 8:33 pm

Well I think the blog is to keep track of all the postings you make
but I'm not sure because you're supposed to keep a copy of everything
you post on blogger... hope this helps =)

Sun Sep 10, 2006 8:48 pm

I always wondered why most Hindus don't eat meat..
"In addition to the duties belonging to each stage of life, Hinduism
also emphasizes duties belonging to all human beings, especially
cultivation of truth and nonviolence. Many Hindus choose not to eat
meat because of their cultivation of nonviolence."

Jonathan Miller interviewed Richard Dawkins about his view of Atheism. He believed in the theory of evolution. When Miller referred to the political figures involving religion, it brought up a point because there is still not really a separation between religion and state. Your religion sticks with you and it’s hard to ignore it in making decisions, such as abortions, etc.

Miller was concerned with whether people converted to Atheism after learning about it, or if they were basically born with it and didn’t have a religious thought. Darwinian Revolution really made sense to scientist Richard Dawkins, and he said he felt freedom because of it. He also said that it made sense because it was an explanation of the way the world was. Darwinian theory involves the process of natural selection. Reproduction is just a way of genetic mutations. He believes in the universe there is no “super mind.”


Personally, I don't agree in Atheism because I am religious. I just don't agree with the whole scientific theory of how the universe was created. I believe in God and I don't think that the Darwinian Theory makes much sense to me, because it's hard to put my feelings about religion aside.

Sunday, September 17, 2006

If Darwin didn’t bring up this theory , there might not have been a start to Atheism. Dennett thought that Darwin brought up a good point with enough explanation for these scientists to believe that it made sense. Dennett thinks we have a soul but a mechanical soul and that it still does the work. I think that the soul has more of a religious purpose than to think of it as having nothing to do with God. He mentioned that the purpose of our brains is to anticipate the future and to have plans for the future. Dennett said it was a part of our nervous system, but these feelings we have are hard to avoid. We are just accustomed to having these feelings. Dennett was raised as a Protestant but then he converted to Atheism. I think most people convert to Atheism after they realize what they want and when they figure out they don’t have to follow their parents’ religion. He compared God to Santa Claus thinking that some people grow out of believing in God. Basically he thinks people talk about Santa Claus and believe in him but he doesn’t exist.

So today a new guy started working at my job. And we got into the topic of religion and he told me he was Atheist. and I asked him why? Are your parents Atheist? He said no, most of my family is Christian. He said it's because I don't incorporate religion into my daily life. I just thought to myself WOW... I can't imagine not incorporating my moral values into my decisions. Just thought I would share =)

Tuesday, September 26, 2006

In "The Sage" it mentions how we all have a sense of selfness in which we think about ourselves. I think this is definitely true because sometimes we can be overly selfish and other times we're just thinking about ourselves in a good way, not so much selfishly.

It's interesting to me how once people meet their gurus they completely change. In the case of Sawan Singh's life it says "it was the turning point when he met his spiritual guru."

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

It is very true that if we respond to problems in a positive manner then they wouldn’t really be considered problems. We all want to be happy. Also like the lecture today if we hold on to things then they affect us. (like the insult if you hold on to it, it affects you but if you just throw it back then it goes away)

In this story it is believed that Siddhartha came from the white elephant. It talks about what we talked about in class on Monday 9/25 because he encountered sick and old people, and even a corpse. He got a vision one night and decided he wanted to leave the palace but his father wasn’t happy about this. Finally he got a way and was considered a monk. One night he meditated until dawn then he became a Buddha.

It is interesting how it says that Buddha knows everything from the past, present, and future.
We all take advantage of what we have. We might have a nice car that runs perfectly yet we still want a better one. We are often unhappy with our lives when we shouldn’t be.

Three Schools of Buddhism

It’s crazy how Buddhism was introduced in India, I’m sure most people think it originated in Asia because many Asians are Buddhist. People hear the word Buddhist and think Asian.

“The Four Noble Truths are: (1) life is suffering; (2) suffering has cause; (3) eliminate cause and thereby eliminate suffering; (4) learn and pursue the proper path to alleviate suffering (i.e., the Eightfold Path).” The story he told in class today about having to have something first and then giving it up was pretty funny.

It’s interesting how Buddhism breaks down into different schools that explain the teachings each one has and the differences.

Monday, October 02, 2006

It is interesting how Faqir Chand and Bardo Thotrol both had similar opinions. They were worded differently but the meaning behind the words was the same. It’s amazing how Faqir Chand wasn’t familiar with the book yet his thoughts were the same.

Faqir Chand had many experiences he went through that helped him learn more about gurus and death. It seems that we all have to experience things before we can really understand them.

Monday, October 09, 2006

Jains don't believe in violence but how do they get more members to join their religion? Do they just think people should voluntarily want to become a Jain?

It's also interesting to read about the different fasts religions do because my religion does it differently and there are so many different fasts.

They believe in the Right Faith, the Right Knowledge, and the Right Conduct.

After reading about karma I learned there were eight different types of karma.

"Digambaras believe that women cannot achieve liberation without first being reborn as a man." I thought that this was wrong because it's basically saying that a women can't be equal until she experiences it like a man. It's unfair that she has to be similar to a male to be treated like him. The only reason it makes sense is because they say women can't live naked.

Thursday, October 19, 2006

I agree.. It's like when a priest worries so much about how much money he makes yet knowing he is a man of faith and religion he shouldn't worry about materialistic things and money is the root of all evil. I also think that people have many sides to them and it's really hard to really get to know someone.

Monday, October 23, 2006

of course!! I have a religion definitely, I consider myself to be a religious person. I am Syrian Orthodox and I don't know too much about it, I would LOVE to learn more about it. I go to church sometimes, but I don't like to go a lot because my priest does the services in Syriac and I don't understand it but I understand Arabic. Other than that I know I would never be Atheist or anything else, because I believe in Jesus Christ. It's normal to start doubting your religion though, so don't feel bad!

Saturday, October 28, 2006

1. There are not going to be a lot of people in class on Monday because either a. everyone will be recovering from the weekend or b. everyone will be in Santa Barbara.. haha (but I'll be in class =)

2. We are going to hear something on the news about being extra careful because something bad is going to happen to some teenager from partying too much over the weekend.

Monday, October 30, 2006

Ok so I have a song and I have all my pictures.. But I can't figure
out how to keep the music playing in the background while I speak
throughout the film.. it just has my voice throughout the whole film
and just the music at the very beginning! Can anyone help me?

Friday, November 03, 2006

my film!

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7856399366461695218

speaking in tongues- Wednesday's lecture was actually really interesting. Now, I
definitely understand the meaning behind speaking in tongues.
Everytime I hear that term I think of a sexual representation haha..
hey whatever works!

Are the past few readings you sent out, "Littlewood's Law of
Probability" and the one that said required readings, to be read and
posted about after the midterm? Is the extra credit on
Churchland/Wilson due before the midterm or after?

Friday, November 03, 2006

haha ya we're gonna chip in to buy you a Benz.. that's funny! just kidding! But that would be the day huh?

Sunday, September 17, 2006

If Darwin didn’t bring up this theory , there might not have been a start to Atheism. Dennett thought that Darwin brought up a good point with enough explanation for these scientists to believe that it made sense. Dennett thinks we have a soul but a mechanical soul and that it still does the work. I think that the soul has more of a religious purpose than to think of it as having nothing to do with God. He mentioned that the purpose of our brains is to anticipate the future and to have plans for the future. Dennett said it was a part of our nervous system, but these feelings we have are hard to avoid. We are just accustomed to having these feelings. Dennett was raised as a Protestant but then he converted to Atheism. I think most people convert to Atheism after they realize what they want and when they figure out they don’t have to follow their parents’ religion. He compared God to Santa Claus thinking that some people grow out of believing in God. Basically he thinks people talk about Santa Claus and believe in him but he doesn’t exist.

Jonathan Miller interviewed Richard Dawkins about his view of Atheism. He believed in the theory of evolution. When Miller referred to the political figures involving religion, it brought up a point because there is still not really a separation between religion and state. Your religion sticks with you and it’s hard to ignore it in making decisions, such as abortions, etc.

Miller was concerned with whether people converted to Atheism after learning about it, or if they were basically born with it and didn’t have a religious thought. Darwinian Revolution really made sense to scientist Richard Dawkins, and he said he felt freedom because of it. He also said that it made sense because it was an explanation of the way the world was. Darwinian theory involves the process of natural selection. Reproduction is just a way of genetic mutations. He believes in the universe there is no “super mind.”


Personally, I don't agree in Atheism because I am religious. I just don't agree with the whole scientific theory of how the universe was created. I believe in God and I don't think that the Darwinian Theory makes much sense to me, because it's hard to put my feelings about religion aside.

Saturday, November 25, 2006

cult buster

This is an interesting article because it talks about how Dave got so many threats from these believers. He told us all his stories in class but it is even crazier that people knew of the harassment. Dave caught so many people plagiarizing. They were all basically full of shit. The end of the article was good because Dave still had some sort of respect for this many by not revealing the juiciest stuff he knew!

EDGE

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.

The video was really well done and the part where it shows all the brain cells and it moving along the strands is intense. Whatever questions we ask come from our brain. “Consciousness is disassociation.” Those without consciousness don’t have the same liberty. Thinking and challenging yourself is healthy. Brain burn is something that didn’t digest well, such as philosophy.

It all makes sense because all of our thoughts come from withiin ourselves. Everyone seems to blame something or someone else for their own thoughts.

Wednesday, November 15, 2006

Ok so I saw the movie Borat and it was definitely hilarious. But,
there was one part in the movie where he starts speaking in tongues
and it was absolutely unbelievable how dramatic they made it seem!

Today's lecture was super interesting! It's so true that when you walk around with a huge smile on your face it actually makes you feel better..


However.. I wouldn't mind if class was cancelled next Wednesday haha!

Saturday, November 25, 2006

cult buster

This is an interesting article because it talks about how Dave got so many threats from these believers. He told us all his stories in class but it is even crazier that people knew of the harassment. Dave caught so many people plagiarizing. They were all basically full of shit. The end of the article was good because Dave still had some sort of respect for this many by not revealing the juiciest stuff he knew!

EDGE

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.

The video was really well done and the part where it shows all the brain cells and it moving along the strands is intense. Whatever questions we ask come from our brain. “Consciousness is disassociation.” Those without consciousness don’t have the same liberty. Thinking and challenging yourself is healthy. Brain burn is something that didn’t digest well, such as philosophy.

It all makes sense because all of our thoughts come from withiin ourselves. Everyone seems to blame something or someone else for their own thoughts.

Monday, November 27, 2006

I enjoyed today's lecture about racism. Racism is everywhere, we don't even realize it but we are being racist by doing anything. Ya, there are different degrees of racism but everyone has some degree of racism. Those who experience racism towards them all the time are more likely to be racist towards that group of people. The example of the Muslims is true, there are two different groups the Sunni and the Shi'ite. They are both killing each other yet it makes no sense. Why is anyone from the same community and basically the same beliefs killing the others in that same community. I always think of it as when I meet another Syrian person that says "gosh I hate Syrians".. I'm like uhh you are Syrian yet they claim that they are "Americanized" and they hate those FOBish Syrians. It makes sense to me because I know what it's like but it is racism against your own culture!

2. Attendance: How many times late? How many classes missed? (be accurate) I was never late.. and from the beginning of the semester until now I only missed one day but that was because I was in the emergency room. =(

3. 2ND Digital Film: Name and Describe (how long? how did you edit it? in what format? where did you post it? I did it on the Syrian Orthodox Church. It is exactly 3 minutes long and I used Photo Story. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8yHsxKV7FI

4. To read or not to read, that is the question: Be honest. Have you done all of the required course readings so far? Yes at first I skimmed them but then while doing this final I really read them.

5. Have you watched the linked videos and films so far? Yes

8. Any extra credit that you like to list?

EDGE postings…

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.



9. How is Confucianism different than Taoism? Be sure to detail your answer with pertinent quotes from the Analects and the Tao Te Ching. Your answer here should be at least 800 words or more.

http://www.wam.umd.edu/~stwright/rel/conf/Analects.html

http://www.terebess.hu/english/tao/lau.html#Kap01

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confucianism

Taoism is based on the text the Tao Te Ching. The Tao Te Ching was written by Laozi or also known as Lao Tzu. The Tao means path or way. Taoism has a philosophical aspect. For example, people question whether they should follow the dao and what the dao is. Chinese religion is generally polytheistic. Taoists set out food to the gods as a sacrifice. They also have certain street parades with different types of dances. Astrology and fortune telling are also popular among the Taoist religion. Taoism has religious symbols that represent it. The Yin and Yang is one of the most popular. Taoist temples can be identified by their roofs because they have Chinese dragons.

Confucianism was developed by the teachings of Confucius. The Analects of Confucius is a record of Confucius’ words and thoughts. Rite means sacrifice. They often offered the gods a vase full of flowers as a form of sacrifice. Confucianism really stressed children obeying their parents and their elders. Filial piety means the respect and obedience of a child. Confucius also stressed, “Do not do to others what you would not like them to do to you.” Some people don’t think Confucianism is a religion but that it is more of an ethical tradition.

Confucius stresses social responsibility and Lao Tzu believes in spontaneity and naturalness. Taoists tend toward anarchism which has hierarchical social structures and governments. Chapters 57-81 of the Tao Te Ching deal with the government and the people. Confucianism believes that must be able to govern one self before governing others. Taoists more directly question what the Tao is. They still debate it and discuss it. In the Analects of Confucius, Confucius said he never invented anything but he did produce many new ideas. Confucius used rhetoric, such as analogy, instead of deductive reasoning to explain his ideas. “Confucius represents the classical, Lao Tzu the romantic, Confucius stresses social responsibility, Lao Tzu praises spontaneity and naturalness, Confucius' focus is on the human, Lao Tzu's on what transcends the human,
Confucius roams within society, Lao Tzu wanders beyond.” Confucianism denies the existence of Gods, and Taoism believes the superiority is with the Taoist priests. Taoist priests feel superior to gods. They were both philosophical systems, but religions grew out of them. The Prince should follow the "Way of the Former Kings"--in the Confucian view, they ruled and behaved as heaven decreed.” Confucius's emphasis was with personal conduct and personal duty. “Taoism stresses a more passive way of individual life in harmony with the nameless Tao, Confucianism focuses on ways in which people can live together harmoniously and develop a just and orderly society." Confucianism teaches people how to act together in society and believes that through following Jen this can be accomplished. The Jen is social virtue to help maintain social harmony and peace. Taoism believes that people should try to find the middle balance in the Yin and Yang. Confucianism emphasized social organization and practical knowledge. However, Taoism stressed nature and the discovery of the Tao. Taoists thought that happiness was achieved through being yourself and acting spontaneous. Confucianism was important in the education of children to teach the rules necessary for society. Taoism tried to help old people get their spontaneity back. Taoism has the Yin and the Yang which are complete opposites but they complement each other. Yin is the quiet, intuitive female part, where yang is the strong, rational male part. Taoism and Confucianism are two religions that complement each other.



10. In what ways is Buddhism similar to Taoism? In which ways is it different?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/

Buddhism originated in India and Taoism originated in China. However they are both Chinese Religions because Buddhism didn’t have much of an influence in India. Buddhism is monotheistic and Buddhists believe in Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha. Taoism is polytheistic. The deities worshipped are different in different areas. Taoists set out food to their gods at certain times as a form of sacrifice. They also have street parades with certain dances as a form of sacrifice. Taoists also believe in fortune-telling. They both have symbols and images. Buddhists have the wheel and Taoists have the Laozi. During the Tang period, Taoism adopted many Buddhist beliefs. These beliefs include “monasteries, vegetarianism, prohibition of alcohol, the celibacy of the clergy, the doctrine of emptiness, and the amassing of a vast collection of scripture into tripartite organization.” They are both in the Way of Former Heaven sects which wants the unification of Christianity, Islam, Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. They both took ideas and beliefs from each other. The Buddhist Bible includes some of the philosophy of the Tao Te Ching. Taoism and Buddhism, along with Confucianism were in the Neo-Confucian school. In Buddhism, the ultimate goal is to reach a state free from earthly pains and sorrows. This state could be reached by following certain ways of getting rid of earthly attachments and desires. Buddhist believed in that anxiety is a result of desire. By getting rid of your desires, you release yourself form all anxieties. "Buddha" is not a god but a "state of being" to strive for. The central idea in Taoism is the harmony of nature and the need for man to be part of that harmony. Everything we know is encompassed in nature. The universe, and all things in it, run according to the "Tao" . The concept of a rewarding and punishing god is not believed in.


11. How has the Radhasoami Tradition of India influenced new religions in America? Be sure to substantiate your answer. Your answer should be at least 700 words or more.

http://elearn.mtsac.edu/adiem/gurutwo.htm

http://www.ex-premie.org/papers/lane.htm

http://www.ex-premie.org/papers/shabd.htm

The Radhasoami tradition was founded in 1861. When this religion was created no one expected that it would be one of the most significant influences in new cults in America. This religion could permeate through society and people would not know the lineage. There are many influences that go back to the Radhasoami tradition. For example MSIA goes back to the Guru Sawan Singh which goes back to a hitchhiker picked up by a guru which goes back to Radhasoami. The M.S.I.A borrowed ideas from shabd yoga as well. The M.S.I.A and Eckankar are both “genealogically dissociated” from their parental influences. They both tried to make it seem like their ideas were new and original. Amy’s Fing goes back to Charan Singh whose initiation goes back to Radhasoami. There are so many religions we don’t know about, but they have genealogical influences on our lives. No scholars have researched it. In religions there are virtual particles, which are religions that may have existed but they never wrote a book or never became famous. However, these virtual particles have influenced other religions. There are really small religions that must have influenced the bigger religions. It is known as the “Rosebud” Hypothesis. There are many rosebud religions that we do not know about. The study of religion is not about what we know but about what we do not know. We study religions as they emerge today. We have a good microscope in today’s religion but we need a telescope for the earlier religions. Also, if a scholar messes up a word while copying transcripts it can mess up influences and these beliefs arise by accident. The growth of Radhasoami has also led to the advancement of technology. For instance the communication industry led to new opportunities such as the telephone. In India there were many writings and philosophies that attracted American Transcendentalists. Many immigrants immigrated to America and the immigration laws affected how the culture could influence the people in America. At the time the immigration laws were changed and many Indians immigrated to the U.S. The first Radhasoami guru to come to the United States was Shiv Brat Lal. He succeeded the guru Faqir Chand. In 1955 Kirpal Singh, an initiate of Sawan Singh visited the United States and he tried to spread shabd throughout the country. He initiated Paul Twitchell who founded Eckankar. Eckankar was based on the teachings of Radhasoami and it is one of the most successful new religions in America. Eckankar means one God. However it is believed that Twitchell got his teachings from the Radhasoami tradition. In Hindi Ek means one and Onkar means God, so he put a c in the middle and made it Eckankar Eckankar also based a lot on shabd yoga. Kirpal Singh had people coming to his lectures and by the third time he visited the United States he was well known. He had many people attend his lectures. Much of the youth attended Charan Singh’s lectures because they were against dogmatism and materialism. In the 1930’s many Radhasoami books were published and most were in English so that people who were not Indian could read them. Many sects in North America have borrowed writings from Radhasoami. The practice of Surat Shabd Yoga has an influence from the Radhasoami tradition. Shabd is “the transcendent power which is believed to be the creative and sustaining force of the universe.”

12. Why are the implications of quantum theory sometimes related to eastern religions like Buddhism and/or Taoism?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yin_and_Yang

The quantum theory is the study of very small particles (quantas). It is also a probabilistic statistical theory with indeterminacy and unknowingness. It is also binary because the more you know about a position the less you know about momentum. The Quantum theory could be the basis for a new view of consciousness and the way it is coupled to our physical nature in the brain. Quantum physics leads to Enlightenment. In Buddhism there are the four noble truths and the eight fold path. In Buddhism, consciousness is described as Vinnana. The subconscious force is Bhavanga. Consciousness is awareness. In a quantum of life, there is no permanent, unchangeable self inside the body who can think and act. Instead there are different SELVES coming up with each consciousness and passes away with the same consciousness that does not last very long. The Quantum Theory is related to Buddhism in the sense of a cycle. It is related to Taoism because of the concept of the Yin and Yang. The symbols are binary, and the theory is probabilistic and has indeterminacy. The Yin and Yang represents two opposing but complementary forces. Parts of the Tao Te Ching seem binary.

13. How does Japanese Shintoism influence one's social behavior in this world?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_Shintoism#Cultural_effects

http://www.japan-zone.com/omnibus/shinto.shtml

Shintoism is the main function of the social activities of the Japanese. Most Japanese incorporate Shinto into their way of life. Marriages are carried out in shrines. New cars are blessed for safety. Most houses have kamidana which is a god shelf. Their sins regulate their social behavior. They also worshipped with a lot of people, people outside of their family members. This worship played an important part in the community of the Japanese. It also provided a sort of social order. Shintoism also encourages taking care of elderly family members, which means more and more parents are living in the same household as their children. “Many Japanese cultural customs, like using wooden chopsticks and removing shoes before entering a building, have their origin in Shinto beliefs and practices.”

14. Why is the study of new religions important in understanding the origination of older religions? The study of new religions helps us understand the old religion better because usually that religion came from the ideas of an older religion. Many old religions are not popular or known about but their beliefs are around and we don’t even realize it. New religions usually incorporate certain beliefs and ideas from an older religion yet they add new beliefs and create a religion. It helps us understand where a religion came from. It can also help us understand why a certain religion has similar characteristics to another religion like for example Buddhism. Buddhism and that new religion could have both adopted certain beliefs from the old religion. The study of religion is not about what we know but about what we do not know.

15. Why do you think that certain religions "genealogically dissociate" from their parental influences? Be sure to take one or two religions to exemplify your answer.

http://members.tripod.com/~dlane5/sudar7.html

These religions want to look like they started the religion from their own beliefs. Religions evolve out of older religions. They do not want to give credit to the earlier religions that they got their thoughts from. For example the Radhasoami tradition had much influence on later gurus. Paul Twitchell was the founder of Eckankar but his beliefs were not his own. They were based on earlier beliefs. The M.S.I.A has also tried to borrow teachings from shabd yoga. Yet both were influenced by the Radhasoami tradition.

16. Compare and contrast an Eastern religion of your choosing (Hinduism, Buddhsim, Taoism.... etc.) with Christianity. Major differences? Major similarities?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

Christians believe in a golden era in the Garden of Eden and a worldwide flood in the time of Adam which caused a huge genocide. They believe that sin is derived from Adam and Eve. They believe that eternal life is spent in either heaven or hell after death. Salvation is achieved through beliefs and sacraments. They believe in Jesus Christ, a god-man savior who was born of a virgin, executed, resurrected and ascended to heaven. Jesus Christ was resurrected.

Buddhists believe in Miroku, the "future Buddha." They expect him to be reincarnated and spread Buddhism further. Buddhism did not teach of the existence of transcendent, immanent, or any other type of God but presently many Buddhists do believe in deities. Buddha was never resurrected and never claimed to be God. Buddhism taught self-enlightenment and self-liberalization.

They both believe in morality, justice, and love. They both have similar ethics such as the Golden Rule for Christians and basically Karma for Buddhists. They both believe in life after death. Buddhism teaches that humans are trapped in a repetitive cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth. The goal is to escape from this cycle and reach Nirvana. The mind experiences complete freedom and liberation Suffering ends because desire and craving,the causes of suffering, are done with. Christianity has historically taught that everyone has only a single life on earth. After death, an eternal life awaits everyone: either in Heaven or Hell.

17. How does Littlewood's Law of Probability (based on the theory of large numbers)

help to scientifically explain religious miracles?

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7425940152105612838&q=zapruder+surf&hl=en

Littlewood’s Law believes that people are going to experience at least one miracle per month. It is based on the fact that a human is alert 8 hours a day and in 35 days will have experienced 1,008,000 things. According to the law a miracle is bound to happen in those 35 days. It believes that miracles are actually very common. For every million events there should be one event that is different from the rest (miracle). Professor Lane related it to surfing and that after one million waves there should be an exceptional one.


18. In Zen Buddhism, certain masters give a "koan" (a parodoxical statement or question designed to usurp the rational mind) to help provide a glimpe of satori (momentary enlightenment) to their students. See how you would tackle this koan from a "Zen" perspective. Be sure to ground your answers in the literature of Zen. "I know I am more than my body, provided I have a body."

How the hell are we supposed to answer this question? Well, basically, if you don’t have a body then you can’t be more than your body. The body is just a body but the consciousness is more important. It is important to have a body because you need it but it is not too serious as well. You can’t be more than your body if you don’t have a body. Koans are meaningless questions but they are supposed to be taken very seriously. They also allow the thinker to think in a different way. The thinker has to think of things that he/she would not have imagined. Koans are supposed to stop all the stupid thoughts in your mind and get you straight to the point.

19. What was your favorite lecture and why?
The one about Zen Buddhism and about having a second nature and being aware was my favorite. We talked about suicide rates, depression, and disassociation. It made me reflect on my own life and it was something I could relate to. It was kind of hard listening to it though considering I tried to commit suicide 2 months ago. Most of the lectures were pretty interesting to me because I would sit there and say yeah that’s so true!


20. Anything you would like to share with your teacher?

I really want an A in this class! I’ll work as hard as possible to get it!

BE STOKED.

Sunday, December 10, 2006

final





NAME: Diane Grair

USERNAME: sportygirly67

WEBSITE ADDRESS: http://sportygirly67.blogspot.com/

1. WHAT WAS YOUR MIDTERM GRADE? B

1A. LIST ALL OF YOUR POSTINGS FOR THE ENTIRE CLASS (copy and paste them or provide direct links to each specific post)

Wednesday, September 06, 2006

I think it does because in the Middle East the Islamic religion is the
primary religion but there are certain areas that are not completely
Muslim.. for instance I'm Syrian and I'm not Muslim but we only
account for a small percentage of the population..

Sun Sep 10, 2006 8:33 pm

Well I think the blog is to keep track of all the postings you make
but I'm not sure because you're supposed to keep a copy of everything
you post on blogger... hope this helps =)

Sun Sep 10, 2006 8:48 pm

I always wondered why most Hindus don't eat meat..
"In addition to the duties belonging to each stage of life, Hinduism
also emphasizes duties belonging to all human beings, especially
cultivation of truth and nonviolence. Many Hindus choose not to eat
meat because of their cultivation of nonviolence."

Jonathan Miller interviewed Richard Dawkins about his view of Atheism. He believed in the theory of evolution. When Miller referred to the political figures involving religion, it brought up a point because there is still not really a separation between religion and state. Your religion sticks with you and it’s hard to ignore it in making decisions, such as abortions, etc.

Miller was concerned with whether people converted to Atheism after learning about it, or if they were basically born with it and didn’t have a religious thought. Darwinian Revolution really made sense to scientist Richard Dawkins, and he said he felt freedom because of it. He also said that it made sense because it was an explanation of the way the world was. Darwinian theory involves the process of natural selection. Reproduction is just a way of genetic mutations. He believes in the universe there is no “super mind.”


Personally, I don't agree in Atheism because I am religious. I just don't agree with the whole scientific theory of how the universe was created. I believe in God and I don't think that the Darwinian Theory makes much sense to me, because it's hard to put my feelings about religion aside.

Sunday, September 17, 2006

If Darwin didn’t bring up this theory , there might not have been a start to Atheism. Dennett thought that Darwin brought up a good point with enough explanation for these scientists to believe that it made sense. Dennett thinks we have a soul but a mechanical soul and that it still does the work. I think that the soul has more of a religious purpose than to think of it as having nothing to do with God. He mentioned that the purpose of our brains is to anticipate the future and to have plans for the future. Dennett said it was a part of our nervous system, but these feelings we have are hard to avoid. We are just accustomed to having these feelings. Dennett was raised as a Protestant but then he converted to Atheism. I think most people convert to Atheism after they realize what they want and when they figure out they don’t have to follow their parents’ religion. He compared God to Santa Claus thinking that some people grow out of believing in God. Basically he thinks people talk about Santa Claus and believe in him but he doesn’t exist.

So today a new guy started working at my job. And we got into the topic of religion and he told me he was Atheist. and I asked him why? Are your parents Atheist? He said no, most of my family is Christian. He said it's because I don't incorporate religion into my daily life. I just thought to myself WOW... I can't imagine not incorporating my moral values into my decisions. Just thought I would share =)

Tuesday, September 26, 2006

In "The Sage" it mentions how we all have a sense of selfness in which we think about ourselves. I think this is definitely true because sometimes we can be overly selfish and other times we're just thinking about ourselves in a good way, not so much selfishly.

It's interesting to me how once people meet their gurus they completely change. In the case of Sawan Singh's life it says "it was the turning point when he met his spiritual guru."

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

It is very true that if we respond to problems in a positive manner then they wouldn’t really be considered problems. We all want to be happy. Also like the lecture today if we hold on to things then they affect us. (like the insult if you hold on to it, it affects you but if you just throw it back then it goes away)

In this story it is believed that Siddhartha came from the white elephant. It talks about what we talked about in class on Monday 9/25 because he encountered sick and old people, and even a corpse. He got a vision one night and decided he wanted to leave the palace but his father wasn’t happy about this. Finally he got a way and was considered a monk. One night he meditated until dawn then he became a Buddha.

It is interesting how it says that Buddha knows everything from the past, present, and future.
We all take advantage of what we have. We might have a nice car that runs perfectly yet we still want a better one. We are often unhappy with our lives when we shouldn’t be.

Three Schools of Buddhism

It’s crazy how Buddhism was introduced in India, I’m sure most people think it originated in Asia because many Asians are Buddhist. People hear the word Buddhist and think Asian.

“The Four Noble Truths are: (1) life is suffering; (2) suffering has cause; (3) eliminate cause and thereby eliminate suffering; (4) learn and pursue the proper path to alleviate suffering (i.e., the Eightfold Path).” The story he told in class today about having to have something first and then giving it up was pretty funny.

It’s interesting how Buddhism breaks down into different schools that explain the teachings each one has and the differences.

Monday, October 02, 2006

It is interesting how Faqir Chand and Bardo Thotrol both had similar opinions. They were worded differently but the meaning behind the words was the same. It’s amazing how Faqir Chand wasn’t familiar with the book yet his thoughts were the same.

Faqir Chand had many experiences he went through that helped him learn more about gurus and death. It seems that we all have to experience things before we can really understand them.

Monday, October 09, 2006

Jains don't believe in violence but how do they get more members to join their religion? Do they just think people should voluntarily want to become a Jain?

It's also interesting to read about the different fasts religions do because my religion does it differently and there are so many different fasts.

They believe in the Right Faith, the Right Knowledge, and the Right Conduct.

After reading about karma I learned there were eight different types of karma.

"Digambaras believe that women cannot achieve liberation without first being reborn as a man." I thought that this was wrong because it's basically saying that a women can't be equal until she experiences it like a man. It's unfair that she has to be similar to a male to be treated like him. The only reason it makes sense is because they say women can't live naked.

Thursday, October 19, 2006

I agree.. It's like when a priest worries so much about how much money he makes yet knowing he is a man of faith and religion he shouldn't worry about materialistic things and money is the root of all evil. I also think that people have many sides to them and it's really hard to really get to know someone.

Monday, October 23, 2006

of course!! I have a religion definitely, I consider myself to be a religious person. I am Syrian Orthodox and I don't know too much about it, I would LOVE to learn more about it. I go to church sometimes, but I don't like to go a lot because my priest does the services in Syriac and I don't understand it but I understand Arabic. Other than that I know I would never be Atheist or anything else, because I believe in Jesus Christ. It's normal to start doubting your religion though, so don't feel bad!

Saturday, October 28, 2006

1. There are not going to be a lot of people in class on Monday because either a. everyone will be recovering from the weekend or b. everyone will be in Santa Barbara.. haha (but I'll be in class =)

2. We are going to hear something on the news about being extra careful because something bad is going to happen to some teenager from partying too much over the weekend.

Monday, October 30, 2006

Ok so I have a song and I have all my pictures.. But I can't figure
out how to keep the music playing in the background while I speak
throughout the film.. it just has my voice throughout the whole film
and just the music at the very beginning! Can anyone help me?

Friday, November 03, 2006

my film!

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7856399366461695218

speaking in tongues- Wednesday's lecture was actually really interesting. Now, I
definitely understand the meaning behind speaking in tongues.
Everytime I hear that term I think of a sexual representation haha..
hey whatever works!

Are the past few readings you sent out, "Littlewood's Law of
Probability" and the one that said required readings, to be read and
posted about after the midterm? Is the extra credit on
Churchland/Wilson due before the midterm or after?

Friday, November 03, 2006

haha ya we're gonna chip in to buy you a Benz.. that's funny! just kidding! But that would be the day huh?

Sunday, September 17, 2006

If Darwin didn’t bring up this theory , there might not have been a start to Atheism. Dennett thought that Darwin brought up a good point with enough explanation for these scientists to believe that it made sense. Dennett thinks we have a soul but a mechanical soul and that it still does the work. I think that the soul has more of a religious purpose than to think of it as having nothing to do with God. He mentioned that the purpose of our brains is to anticipate the future and to have plans for the future. Dennett said it was a part of our nervous system, but these feelings we have are hard to avoid. We are just accustomed to having these feelings. Dennett was raised as a Protestant but then he converted to Atheism. I think most people convert to Atheism after they realize what they want and when they figure out they don’t have to follow their parents’ religion. He compared God to Santa Claus thinking that some people grow out of believing in God. Basically he thinks people talk about Santa Claus and believe in him but he doesn’t exist.

Jonathan Miller interviewed Richard Dawkins about his view of Atheism. He believed in the theory of evolution. When Miller referred to the political figures involving religion, it brought up a point because there is still not really a separation between religion and state. Your religion sticks with you and it’s hard to ignore it in making decisions, such as abortions, etc.

Miller was concerned with whether people converted to Atheism after learning about it, or if they were basically born with it and didn’t have a religious thought. Darwinian Revolution really made sense to scientist Richard Dawkins, and he said he felt freedom because of it. He also said that it made sense because it was an explanation of the way the world was. Darwinian theory involves the process of natural selection. Reproduction is just a way of genetic mutations. He believes in the universe there is no “super mind.”


Personally, I don't agree in Atheism because I am religious. I just don't agree with the whole scientific theory of how the universe was created. I believe in God and I don't think that the Darwinian Theory makes much sense to me, because it's hard to put my feelings about religion aside.

Saturday, November 25, 2006

cult buster

This is an interesting article because it talks about how Dave got so many threats from these believers. He told us all his stories in class but it is even crazier that people knew of the harassment. Dave caught so many people plagiarizing. They were all basically full of shit. The end of the article was good because Dave still had some sort of respect for this many by not revealing the juiciest stuff he knew!

EDGE

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.

The video was really well done and the part where it shows all the brain cells and it moving along the strands is intense. Whatever questions we ask come from our brain. “Consciousness is disassociation.” Those without consciousness don’t have the same liberty. Thinking and challenging yourself is healthy. Brain burn is something that didn’t digest well, such as philosophy.

It all makes sense because all of our thoughts come from withiin ourselves. Everyone seems to blame something or someone else for their own thoughts.

Wednesday, November 15, 2006

Ok so I saw the movie Borat and it was definitely hilarious. But,
there was one part in the movie where he starts speaking in tongues
and it was absolutely unbelievable how dramatic they made it seem!

Today's lecture was super interesting! It's so true that when you walk around with a huge smile on your face it actually makes you feel better..


However.. I wouldn't mind if class was cancelled next Wednesday haha!

Saturday, November 25, 2006

cult buster

This is an interesting article because it talks about how Dave got so many threats from these believers. He told us all his stories in class but it is even crazier that people knew of the harassment. Dave caught so many people plagiarizing. They were all basically full of shit. The end of the article was good because Dave still had some sort of respect for this many by not revealing the juiciest stuff he knew!

EDGE

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.

The video was really well done and the part where it shows all the brain cells and it moving along the strands is intense. Whatever questions we ask come from our brain. “Consciousness is disassociation.” Those without consciousness don’t have the same liberty. Thinking and challenging yourself is healthy. Brain burn is something that didn’t digest well, such as philosophy.

It all makes sense because all of our thoughts come from withiin ourselves. Everyone seems to blame something or someone else for their own thoughts.

Monday, November 27, 2006

I enjoyed today's lecture about racism. Racism is everywhere, we don't even realize it but we are being racist by doing anything. Ya, there are different degrees of racism but everyone has some degree of racism. Those who experience racism towards them all the time are more likely to be racist towards that group of people. The example of the Muslims is true, there are two different groups the Sunni and the Shi'ite. They are both killing each other yet it makes no sense. Why is anyone from the same community and basically the same beliefs killing the others in that same community. I always think of it as when I meet another Syrian person that says "gosh I hate Syrians".. I'm like uhh you are Syrian yet they claim that they are "Americanized" and they hate those FOBish Syrians. It makes sense to me because I know what it's like but it is racism against your own culture!

2. Attendance: How many times late? How many classes missed? (be accurate) I was never late.. and from the beginning of the semester until now I only missed one day but that was because I was in the emergency room. =(

3. 2ND Digital Film: Name and Describe (how long? how did you edit it? in what format? where did you post it? I did it on the Syrian Orthodox Church. It is exactly 3 minutes long and I used Photo Story. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8yHsxKV7FI

4. To read or not to read, that is the question: Be honest. Have you done all of the required course readings so far? Yes at first I skimmed them but then while doing this final I really read them.

5. Have you watched the linked videos and films so far? Yes

8. Any extra credit that you like to list?

EDGE postings…

One of the posts talked about how we are all racist. We might not be aware of it yet we all seem to be racist. Even the smallest racial joke could be considered racist. People laugh at these jokes all the time claiming they are not racist yet people take great offense to these jokes.

Dawkins talked about when people say, “I’m an Atheist but..” It just proves how people have contradicting beliefs. They think Oh I don’t believe in religion, yet who are we kidding it exists.




9. How is Confucianism different than Taoism? Be sure to detail your answer with pertinent quotes from the Analects and the Tao Te Ching. Your answer here should be at least 800 words or more.

OK SO I HAVE BEEN STRESSING OUT OVER THIS FINAL. THIS IS THE ONLY QUESTION I’VE DECIDED I WOULD RATHER REDO WHEN I HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO SIT AND REALLY THINK ABOUT IT INSTEAD OF GIVING YOU SOME BS ANSWER..I would really really appreciate it if you can grade the rest of the final and let me know if any of that needs to be redone and I will get this question done ASAP.. thanks!!

http://www.wam.umd.edu/~stwright/rel/conf/Analects.html

http://www.terebess.hu/english/tao/lau.html#Kap01

Confucius stresses social responsibility and Lao Tzu believes in spontaneity and naturalness. Taoists tend toward anarchism which has hierarchical social structures and governments. Chapters 57-81 of the Tao Te Ching deal with the government and the people. Confucianism believes that must be able to govern oneself before governing others. Taoists more directly question what the Tao is. They still debate it and discuss it. In the Analects Confucius said he never invented anything but he did produce many new ideas.

10. In what ways is Buddhism similar to Taoism? In which ways is it different?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/

Buddhism originated in India and Taoism originated in China. However they are both Chinese Religions because Buddhism didn’t have much of an influence in India. Buddhism is monotheistic and Buddhists believe in Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha. Taoism is polytheistic. The deities worshipped are different in different areas. Taoists set out food to their gods at certain times as a form of sacrifice. They also have street parades with certain dances as a form of sacrifice. Taoists also believe in fortune-telling. They both have symbols and images. Buddhists have the wheel and Taoists have the Laozi. During the Tang period, Taoism adopted many Buddhist beliefs. These beliefs include “monasteries, vegetarianism, prohibition of alcohol, the celibacy of the clergy, the doctrine of emptiness, and the amassing of a vast collection of scripture into tripartite organization.” They are both in the Way of Former Heaven sects which wants the unification of Christianity, Islam, Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. They both took ideas and beliefs from each other. The Buddhist Bible includes some of the philosophy of the Tao Te Ching. Taoism and Buddhism, along with Confucianism were in the Neo-Confucian school. In Buddhism, the ultimate goal is to reach a state free from earthly pains and sorrows. This state could be reached by following certain ways of getting rid of earthly attachments and desires. Buddhist believed in that anxiety is a result of desire. By getting rid of your desires, you release yourself form all anxieties. "Buddha" is not a god but a "state of being" to strive for. The central idea in Taoism is the harmony of nature and the need for man to be part of that harmony. Everything we know is encompassed in nature. The universe, and all things in it, run according to the "Tao" . The concept of a rewarding and punishing god is not believed in.


11. How has the Radhasoami Tradition of India influenced new religions in America? Be sure to substantiate your answer. Your answer should be at least 700 words or more.

http://elearn.mtsac.edu/adiem/gurutwo.htm

http://www.ex-premie.org/papers/lane.htm

http://www.ex-premie.org/papers/shabd.htm

The Radhasoami tradition was founded in 1861. When this religion was created no one expected that it would be one of the most significant influences in new cults in America. This religion could permeate through society and people would not know the lineage. There are many influences that go back to the Radhasoami tradition. For example MSIA goes back to the Guru Sawan Singh which goes back to a hitchhiker picked up by a guru which goes back to Radhasoami. Amy’s Fing goes back to Charan Singh whose initiation goes back to Radhasoami. There are so many religions we don’t know about, but they have genealogical influences on our lives. No scholars have researched it. In religions there are virtual particles, which are religions that may have existed but they never wrote a book or never became famous. However, these virtual particles have influenced other religions. There are really small religions that must have influenced the bigger religions. It is known as the “Rosebud” Hypothesis. There are many rosebud religions that we do not know about. The study of religion is not about what we know but about what we do not know. We study religions as they emerge today. We have a good microscope in today’s religion but we need a telescope for the earlier religions. Also, if a scholar messes up a word while copying transcripts it can mess up influences and these beliefs arise by accident. The growth of Radhasoami has also led to the advancement of technology. For instance the communication industry led to new opportunities such as the telephone. In India there were many writings and philosophies that attracted American Transcendentalists. Many immigrants immigrated to America and the immigration laws affected how the culture could influence the people in America. At the time the immigration laws were changed and many Indians immigrated to the U.S. The first Radhasoami guru to come to the United States was Shiv Brat Lal. He succeeded the guru Faqir Chand. In 1955 Kirpal Singh, an initiate of Sawan Singh visited the United States and he tried to spread shabd throughout the country. He initiated Paul Twitchell who founded Eckankar. Eckankar was based on the teachings of Radhasoami and it is one of the most successful new religions in America. Eckankar means one God. However it is believed that Twitchell got his teachings from the Radhasoami tradition. In Hindi Ek means one and Onkar means God, so he put a c in the middle and made it Eckankar. Kirpal Singh had people coming to his lectures and by the third time he visited the United States he was well known. He had many people attend his lectures. Much of the youth attended Charan Singh’s lectures because they were against dogmatism and materialism. In the 1930’s many Radhasoami books were published and most were in English so that people who were not Indian could read them. Many sects in North America have borrowed writings from Radhasoami. The practice of Surat Shabd Yoga has an influence from the Radhasoami tradition. Shabd is “the transcendent power which is believed to be the creative and sustaining force of the universe.”

12. Why are the implications of quantum theory sometimes related to eastern religions like Buddhism and/or Taoism?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

The quantum theory is the study of very small particles (quantas). It is also a probabilistic statistical theory with indeterminacy and unknowingness. It is also binary because the more you know about a position the less you know about momentum. The Quantum theory could be the basis for a new view of consciousness and the way it is coupled to our physical nature in the brain. Quantum physics leads to Enlightenment. In Buddhism there are the four noble truths and the eight fold path. In Buddhism, consciousness is described as Vinnana. The subconscious force is Bhavanga. Consciousness is awareness. In a quantum of life, there is no permanent, unchangeable self inside the body who can think and act. Instead there are different SELVES coming up with each consciousness and passes away with the same consciousness that does not last very long. The Quantum Theory is related to Buddhism in the sense of a cycle.

13. How does Japanese Shintoism influence one's social behavior in this world?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_Shintoism#Cultural_effects

http://www.japan-zone.com/omnibus/shinto.shtml

Shintoism is the main function of the social activities of the Japanese. Most Japanese incorporate Shinto into their way of life. Marriages are carried out in shrines. New cars are blessed for safety. Most houses have kamidana which is a god shelf. Their sins regulate their social behavior. They also worshipped with a lot of people, people outside of their family members. This worship played an important part in the community of the Japanese. It also provided a sort of social order. Shintoism also encourages taking care of elderly family members, which means more and more parents are living in the same household as their children. “Many Japanese cultural customs, like using wooden chopsticks and removing shoes before entering a building, have their origin in Shinto beliefs and practices.”

14. Why is the study of new religions important in understanding the origination of older religions? The study of new religions helps us understand the old religion better because usually that religion came from the ideas of an older religion. Many old religions are not popular or known about but their beliefs are around and we don’t even realize it. New religions usually incorporate certain beliefs and ideas from an older religion yet they add new beliefs and create a religion. It helps us understand where a religion came from. It can also help us understand why a certain religion has similar characteristics to another religion like for example Buddhism. Buddhism and that new religion could have both adopted certain beliefs from the old religion. The study of religion is not about what we know but about what we do not know.

15. Why do you think that certain religions "genealogically dissociate" from their parental influences? Be sure to take one or two religions to exemplify your answer.

http://members.tripod.com/~dlane5/sudar7.html

These religions want to look like they started the religion from their own beliefs. Religions evolve out of older religions. They do not want to give credit to the earlier religions that they got their thoughts from. For example the Radhasoami tradition had much influence on later gurus. Paul Twitchell was the founder of Eckankar but his beliefs were not his own. They were based on earlier beliefs. The M.S.I.A has also tried to borrow teachings from shabd yoga. Yet both were influenced by the Radhasoami tradition.

16. Compare and contrast an Eastern religion of your choosing (Hinduism, Buddhsim, Taoism.... etc.) with Christianity. Major differences? Major similarities?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism

Christians believe in a golden era in the Garden of Eden and a worldwide flood in the time of Adam which caused a huge genocide. They believe that sin is derived from Adam and Eve. They believe that eternal life is spent in either heaven or hell after death. Salvation is achieved through beliefs and sacraments. They believe in Jesus Christ, a god-man savior who was born of a virgin, executed, resurrected and ascended to heaven. Jesus Christ was resurrected.

Buddhists believe in Miroku, the "future Buddha." They expect him to be reincarnated and spread Buddhism further. Buddhism did not teach of the existence of transcendent, immanent, or any other type of God but presently many Buddhists do believe in deities. Buddha was never resurrected and never claimed to be God. Buddhism taught self-enlightenment and self-liberalization.

They both believe in morality, justice, and love. They both have similar ethics such as the Golden Rule for Christians and basically Karma for Buddhists. They both believe in life after death. Buddhism teaches that humans are trapped in a repetitive cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth. The goal is to escape from this cycle and reach Nirvana. The mind experiences complete freedom and liberation Suffering ends because desire and craving,the causes of suffering, are done with. Christianity has historically taught that everyone has only a single life on earth. After death, an eternal life awaits everyone: either in Heaven or Hell.

17. How does Littlewood's Law of Probability (based on the theory of large numbers)

help to scientifically explain religious miracles?

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7425940152105612838&q=zapruder+surf&hl=en

Littlewood’s Law believes that people are going to experience at least one miracle per month. It is based on the fact that a human is alert 8 hours a day and in 35 days will have experienced 1,008,000 things. According to the law a miracle is bound to happen in those 35 days. It believes that miracles are actually very common. For every million events there should be one event that is different from the rest (miracle). Professor Lane related it to surfing and that after one million waves there should be an exceptional one.


18. In Zen Buddhism, certain masters give a "koan" (a parodoxical statement or question designed to usurp the rational mind) to help provide a glimpe of satori (momentary enlightenment) to their students. See how you would tackle this koan from a "Zen" perspective. Be sure to ground your answers in the literature of Zen. "I know I am more than my body, provided I have a body."

Basically, if you don’t have a body then you can’t be more than your body. The body is just a body but the consciousness is more important. It is important to have a body because you need it but it is not too serious as well. Koans have meaningless questions but they are supposed to be taken very seriously. They also allow the thinker to think in a different way. The thinker has to think of things that he/she would not have imagined. Koans are supposed to stop all the stupid thoughts in your mind and get you straight to the point.

19. What was your favorite lecture and why?
The one about Zen Buddhism and about having a second nature and being aware was my favorite. We talked about suicide rates, depression, and disassociation. It made me reflect on my own life and it was something I could relate to. It was kind of hard listening to it though considering I tried to commit suicide 2 months ago. Most of the lectures were pretty interesting to me because I would sit there and say yeah that’s so true!


20. Anything you would like to share with your teacher?

I really want an A in this class! I’ll work as hard as possible to get it!

BE STOKED.

Wednesday, December 06, 2006

my film!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8yHsxKV7FI

Monday, November 27, 2006

I enjoyed today's lecture about racism. Racism is everywhere, we don't even realize it but we are being racist by doing anything. Ya, there are different degrees of racism but everyone has some degree of racism. Those who experience racism towards them all the time are more likely to be racist towards that group of people. The example of the Muslims is true, there are two different groups the Sunni and the Shi'ite. They are both killing each other yet it makes no sense. Why is anyone from the same community and basically the same beliefs killing the others in that same community. I always think of it as when I meet another Syrian person that says "gosh I hate Syrians".. I'm like uhh you are Syrian yet they claim that they are "Americanized" and they hate those FOBish Syrians. It makes sense to me because I know what it's like but it is racism against your own culture!